perennial herb with a creeping tuberous rhizome .Root stock is
horizontal tuberous ,aromatic ,stout rhizome with erect leafy stems
.Leaves narrow ,linear ,sessile ,subsessile on sheaths with alternate
base ,acuminate ,glabrous ,10-50cm long .
spike terminating the leafy system .
Ginger is a tropical plant that has
green-purple flowers and an aromatic underground stem (called a rhizome). It
is commonly used for cooking and medicinal purposes.
in green state is Ardrak or Ardrak,the
fresh ginger ;and dry rhizome is known as
Sunthi or Saunth ,the dry ginger .
KARMA : Kaphvatashamak
Volatile oils in ginger are what cause the taste, smell, and medical
effectiveness. About 1-4% of ginger is oil. Ginger contains pungent
constituents, shogaols and gingerols, which make it effective for relieving
vomiting and nausea. Bisabolene and zingiberene are the aromatic
constituents of garlic.
THERAPEUTICS USES IN AYURVEDA
Sunthi ( dry ginger )
Milk cooked with sunthi
,dry grapes (draksha ) kharjura (date ) and added with ghee
,honey and sugar allays thirst and fever .
Decotion of sunthi 40gm
added with honey alleviates loss of appetite ,coryza ,dysponea
cough due to defects of water and generates lusture ,clarity of
ind and vision .
Sunthi ,jirak ,and
jaggery pounded together and taken with hot ,old wine or butter
milk checks fever with rigor .
The paste of sunthi ,jirak
and haritiki taken regularly before meals alleviates defects of
water due to change of place .
One who defaecates
frequently with or without stool or with tenasmus should take
sunthi with jaggery mixed with curd ,oil, ghee,and milk .
Loss of appetite and indigestion
Sunthi taken with ghee
in morning promotes appetite .
If a person feels
indigestion at time of meal ,he should take haritaki mixed with
sunthi before meals .
Sunthi and haritiki with
jaggery or salt wholesome on case of loss of appetite .
Decoction of sunthi
boiled in water 1.28 Lt. remaining to one half
stimulatesdigestive fire quickly .
Decoction of sunthi 40 ml
mixed with honey alleviates anorexia ,loss of appetite ,respiratory
and abdominal disorder and all defects of water and promotes
healt and lusture .
Paste of sunthi ,tila
and jaggery coocked iin milk relieved pain during digestion
within in a week.
Hot decoction sunthi
should be taken .
Hiccoups and bronchial asthma
Decoction of sunthi ,pippali
,sugar and amalki with honey checks hiccoups .
Sunthi mixed with pippali
and jaggery and taken with honey .
Take food with milk
cooked with sunthi .
Snuffing with milk
mixed with paste of sunthi alleviates severe headache .
Snuffing with paste of
sunthi mixed jaggert removes headache .
Ginger s other used in treating arthritis ulcerative colitis
menstrual discomfort, headaches, fevers from flu and colds, and sore
throats. Gastrointestinal problems including heartburn and gas can also be
treated with ginger. The muscles of the gastrointestinal tract can be
strengthened by the use of garlic. Ginger is also used to treat arthritis,
both rheumatoid and osteoarthritis. It is thought that garlic can also
provide relief for toothaches, but no scientific evidence exists to support
dosage administrationating and preventing motion sickness, ingest 500 mg of
ginger powder (dried) between 30 to 60 minutes prior to traveling. 500 mg
should be taken as needed every 2 to 4 hours. Pregnant women should not use
ginger for a prolonged amount of time, but can take as much as 1 gram daily
to treat nausea.
There are no recommendations for dosage in children.
What Ginger Is Used For
Ginger is used
in Asian medicine to treat stomach aches, nausea, and diarrhea.
digestive, antinausea, and cold and flu dietary supplements sold in the
United States contain ginger extract as an ingredient.
Ginger is used
to alleviate postsurgery nausea as well as nausea caused by motion,
chemotherapy, and pregnancy.
been used for rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and joint and muscle
How Ginger Is Used
stems of the ginger plant are used in cooking, baking, and for health
purposes. Common forms of ginger include fresh or dried root, tablets,
capsules, liquid extracts (tinctures), and teas.
What the Science Says
suggest that the short-term use of ginger can safely relieve
pregnancy-related nausea and vomiting.
mixed on whether ginger is effective for nausea caused by motion,
chemotherapy, or surgery.
It is unclear
whether ginger is effective in treating rheumatoid arthritis,
osteoarthritis, or joint and muscle pain.
investigators are studying:
ginger interacts with drugs, such as those used to suppress the immune
effect on reducing nausea in patients on chemotherapy.
safety and effectiveness of ginger's use for health purposes, as well as
its active components and effects on inflammation.
Side Effects and Cautions
effects are linked to ginger when it is taken in small doses.
most often reported are gas, bloating, heartburn, and nausea. These
effects are most often associated with powdered ginger.
health care providers about any complementary and alternative practices
you use. Give them a full picture of what you do to manage your health.
This will help ensure coordinated and safe care.
Ginger, or Zingiber
officinale (Latin), is a tasty, aromatic spice that has been a mainstay of
Asian and Indian cuisine and traditional medicine for thousands of years.
Today ginger’s popularity has spread across the globe, and it is one of the
world’s most widely used herbal treatments.
Ginger has been used in traditional Asian medicine to treat nausea,
stimulate appetite, fight body odor, and promote perspiration. Indian
ayurvedic medicine traditionally recommends ginger for the treatment of
arthritis, and recent studies have shown that ginger does indeed inhibit the
production of cytokines, which are chemicals that can promote inflammation.
Ginger also helps treat joint pain by stimulating blood circulation, and
this effect may make it a useful treatment for many illnesses characterized
by pain and poor circulation, including rheumatoid arthritis and Raynaud’s
Research indicates that ginger is beneficial to the heart as well. Clinical
studies have shown that as little as 5 grams of dried ginger a day slows the
production of triglycerides and LDL (bad) cholesterol in the liver. Ginger
also guards against heart attack and stroke by preventing the platelet
clumping or stickiness that can lead to blood clots and atherosclerosis.
One of ginger’s best-known uses is as a treatment for nausea. Controlled
clinical studies have found ginger to be more effective in relieving motion
sickness than dimenhydrinate (Dramamine). When given in large doses, ginger
also seems to be effective for treating nausea induced by chemotherapy when
given in large doses.
Pregnant women have reported relief from consuming small amounts of ginger
root, ginger tea, and ginger ale. However, women should not consume large
amounts of ginger during pregnancy, as it can cause the uterus to contract.
Ginger is also often used for treatment of flatulence, indigestion,
diarrhea, and menstrual cramps. This is because ginger mimics some digestive
enzymes used to process protein in the body, and is known to act as a
gastronintestinal antispasmodic. Commission E, a panel in Germany that
herbs for the
government, recommends ginger to prevent and treat indigestion.
Ginger is also sometimes recommended for relief of cold symptoms—it helps to
loosen phlegm and fight chills by spreading a warm feeling throughout the
body. Pickled ginger is traditionally eaten with sushi, probably because of
its ability to destroy parasites—it contains zingibain, a parasite-killing
chemical that has been shown to kill the anisakid worm, a parasite sometimes
contaminates raw fish.
Ginger is derived from the root of a perennial plant. The ginger root may be
consumed raw, steeped in hot water to make a tea, or added to a variety of
dishes. Ginger is also available in capsules, pickles, extracts, and
prepared teas that can be made into compresses. The usual dosage is 1/3 of
an ounce of fresh ginger root per day, or 150 to 300 milligrams of
freeze-dried ginger in capsules three times per day.
Pregnant women should be careful not to overdo it when taking ginger
supplements; it has been said to stimulate uterine contractions. People
taking blood thinners, barbiturates, beta-blockers, insulin or diabetes
medications should consult a physician before
with ginger on a regular basis, since it may increase the effects of these
Ginger may interfere with the absorption of dietary iron and fat-soluble
vitamins, and cause stomach upset in higher doses. Also, because ginger
helps thin the blood, it should not be taken two weeks prior to surgery.